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 General Information about Croatia

 

Location:

 

 

 

 

The national anthem:

 

The national anthem of the Republic of Croatia is "Lijepa Naša Domovina" ("Our Beautiful Homeland"). The author of the lyrics is Antun Mihanović. The lyrics were first printed in Danica ("The Morning Star") magazine in 1835 under the title "Hrvatska Domovina" ("Croatian Homeland"). It became the Croatian anthem under the name "Lijepa Naša" ("Our Beautiful").

Josip Runjanin wrote the score to Mihanović's lyrics during his service in Glina in 1846. V. Lichtenegger harmonized and wrote down Runjanin's score in 1861. The song was first sung as the national anthem in 1891, at an exhibition held by the Croatian-Slavonian Economic Society in Zagreb.

 


Lijepa naša domovina

 

Lijepa Naša Domovino,

Oj junačka zemljo mila,

Stare slave djedovino,

Da bi vazda sretna bila!

 

Mila, kano si nam slavna,

Mila si nam ti jedina,

Mila kuda si nam ravna,

Mila kuda si planina!

 

Teci Savo, Dravo teci,

Nit ti, Dunav, silu gubi!

Sinje more, svijetu reci,

Da svoj narod Hrvat ljubi!

 

Dok mu njive sunce grije,

Dok mu hrastje bura vije,

Dok mu mrtve grobak krije,

Dok mu živo srce bije.

 

 

Our Beautiful Homeland

 

Beautiful is our homeland,

Oh so fearless, oh so gracious,

Our fathers' ancient glory,

May God bless you, live forever!

 

Yes, you are our only glory,

Yes, you are our only treasure,

We love your plains and valleys,

We love your hills and mountains.

 

Sava, Drava, keep on flowing,

Danube, do not lose your vigour,

Deep blue sea go tell the whole world,

That a Croat loves his homeland.

 

When his fields are kissed by sunshine,

When his oaks are whipped by wild winds,

When his dear ones go to heaven,

Still his heart beats for Croatia!

 

 

Lyrics:  Antun Mihanović (1796-1861)Music: Josip Runjanin (1821-1878)Adopted: 1891.

 

 

Flag:

 

 

The flag of the Republic of Croatia consists of three colors: red, white and blue, with the historical Croatian coat of arms in the center. The length is twice the width. Its colors, in the order red, white and blue are laid horizontally, each one third the width of the flag. The coat of arms is placed in the center of the flag so that the upper part of the coat of arms (the crown) overlaps the red field of the flag, and the bottom part overlaps the flag's blue field. The center of the coat of arms is placed at the point where the diagonals of the flag meet.

At the time of the Croatian national renaissance the Illyrian traditional jackets also were most often red, white or blue. All three colors were also part of the ceremonial inaugural uniform of Viceroy Josip Jelačić in 1848. The tricolor flag (red-white-blue) from the same year was also preserved. The flag is a symbol of the Croatian national reformers' striving for the unification of the Croatian lands.

 

 

Coat-of-Arms:

 

      

 

The coat-of-arms of the Republic of Croatia is a historical Croatian coat-of-arms in the shape of a shield. The checkered pattern has twenty five alternating red and white (argent) fields, so that the left upper corner of the shield is red. Above the shield is a crown with five peaks, which touches the sinister and the dexter chief (left and right upper ends) of the shield, bending in a slight arch. The crown is divided into five small shields with historical Croatian coat-of-arms, in the following order, from left to right: the oldest known Croatian coat-of-arms, then the coat-of-arms of the Dubrovnik Republic, Dalmatia, Istria and Slavonia. 

The height of the smaller fields in the crown is 2.5 times the size of the fields in the main shield, while the width of both sets of fields are the same.

The oldest known Croatian coat-of-arms has a yellow (golden) six-pointed star and a white (argent) new moon on a blue shield. The coat-of-arms of the Dubrovnik Republic has two red beams on a navy blue shield. The Dalmatian coat-of-arms has three yellow (golden) crowned leopard's heads on a navy blue shield. The Istrian coat-of-arms has a yellow (golden) goat with red hoofs and horns facing left, on a navy blue shield. The Slavonian coat-of-arms has two horizontal white (argent) beams on a blue sheild. Between the beams there is a red field with a marten in motion facing left. There is a yellow (golden) six-pointed star in the chief blue field. The entire coat-of-arms is trimmed by a red line.
The Croatian coat-of-arms was presented for the first time on the Habsburg genealogy of 1508-1512. It is believed that this coat-of-arms appeared even earlier than that. It was also found on a memorial taler of 1525 and on the seal of the Croatian Electoral Assembly in Cetina on January 1, 1527, when Ferdinand I was elected the King of Croatia.

 

 

Capital:

 


Zagreb (1991 census pop. 960,000)

Other major cities are Split (pop. 206, 612) the main city in Dalmatia, Rijeka (pop. 205,836) the most important port in the country, Osijek (164,577)the largest city in Slavonia, Pula (84,606) a major port and prime city in Istria, Zadar (134,881), Šibenik (84,435), and Dubrovnik (70,672) are all large medieval cities and cultural centers in southern Croatia.

 

 


Political system:

 

Parliamentary democracy.

 

 

Area & population:

 

Total Area: 56,538 sq km (21,831 sq mi)
Length of Coastline (mainline) 1,778 km (1,105 mi)
Area of Coastline (islands) 4,012 km (2,493 mi)
Number of Islands and Isles 1185 (66 inhabitated)

 

The Following Are A Few Of The Many Larger Croatian Islands:
Krk 410 sq km (158 sq mi)
Cres 404 sq km (156 sq mi)
Brač 396 sq km (153 sq mi)
Hvar 298 sq km (115 sq mi)
Pag 287 sq km (111 sq mi)
Korčula 273 sq km (105 sq mi)
Dugi Otok 117 sq km (45 sq mi)
Mijet 98 sq km. (38 sq mi)

Rab 93 sq km. (36 sq mi)

Vis 90 sq km. (35 sq mi)

 

Population (1991. census) 4,784,265
Population Density: 84.6%
Ethnic composition (1991. census): 78.10% Croats
12.16% Serbs
2.22% Yugoslavs
0.91% Muslims
0.47% Hungarians
0.47% Slovenes
0.45% Italians
5.22% others

 

 

Climate:

 

Northern Croatia has a continental climate. Central, semimountainous and mountainous regions, as well as the entire Adriatic coast, have a Mediterranean climate. Spring and autumn are mild along the coast, while winter can be cold and snowy in central and northern regions.

 

City

January Temperature

July Temperature

Annual Rainfall

Dubrovnik

9.2oC (49oF)

24.7oC (76oF)

1,006 mm (40 in)

Split

7.2oC (45oF)

23.5oC (74oF)

688 mm (27 in)

Rijeka 

6.2oC (43oF)

23oC (73oF)

1,251 mm (49 in)

Zagreb

0oC (32oF)

23.5oC (74oF)

652 mm (26 in)

Osijek

0.6oC (33oF)

20.8oC (69oF)

541 mm (21 in)

 

 

Monetary unit:

 

The legal currency in Croatia is kuna (Local abbreviation kn, international abbreviation HRK), consisting of 100 smaller units, called lipa (lp).

(The name kuna, meaning "marten", has its origin in ancient times, when the marten's fur was used as a trade unit. The word lipa means "linden tree".)

Paper money comes in the following denominations: HRK 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000, and 50 Lipa. Exchange rates offered in the exchange offices are adjusted to the world exchange rates and domestic offer. Exchange rates are also published in the daily press and by financial institutions that display them in visible places. Foreign and local currencies can be exchanged in banks and exchange offices. Travel agencies and banks have their branch offices at border-crossings. The exchange rate fluctuation is around 1 %.

 

Who is Who on the Kuna bill:

  • 5 kn - Ban (Viceroy) Petar Zrinski and Knez (Duke) Fran Krsto Frankopan - Croatian noblemen of the 17th Century; landmark: Varazdin Fortress;
  • 10 kn - Juraj Dobrila - noted Croatian bishop who promoted Croatian cultural rights and advanced the Croatian language; landmark: Amphitheater in Pula.
  • 20 kn - Ban (Viceroy) Josip Jelačić - military hero of revolution in 1848; landmark: Eltz Castle in Vukovar, and Vučedol Dove.
  • 50 kn - Ivan Gundulić - greatest Croatian poet of the 17th Century; landmark: City of Dubrovnik.
  • 100 kn - Ivan Mazuranić - first non-aristocrat to be named Ban (Viceroy); landmark: Church of St. Vitus in Rijeka.
  • 200 kn - Stjepan Radić - political leader and founder of Croatian Peasant's Party, assassinated in the Belgrade Parliament in 1928; landmark: Town Command in Osijek.
  • 500 kn - Marko Marulić - greatest Croatian poet of the 15th and 16th centuries; landmark: Diocletian Palace in Split and figure of Croatian King.
  • 1,000 kn - Ante Starčević - political leader, ideologist and founder of the Croatian Party of the Right; landmark: monument to King Tomislav and Zagreb Cathedral.

 

CREDIT CARDS

Credit cards are normally used in Croatia. Accepted are the following cards: EUROCARD/MASTERCARD, VISA, DINERS and AMERICAN EXPRESS, as well as other credit cards issued by domestic credit institutions (Zagrebačka banka, Splitska banka and several other banks). Tourist companies accept them as payment instrument.

 

 

Telecommunications:

 

International telephone access code for Croatia is +385. The area codes for the largest cities and their surroundings areas are as follows: Zagreb 01, Split 021, Rijeka 051, Osijek 034. Omit the 0 when dialing from abroad. To place an outgoing international call from Croatia, dial 00 plus the relevant country code and number.

099 - MOBITEL cellular phone network covers 91 % of the territory of the Republic of Croatia, and almost 99 % of inhabited areas.

098 - GSM - CRONET cellular phone network covers over 40 % of the total territory and about 75 % of inhabited areas in Croatia, whereby the coverage of tourist resorts, major roads, towns and cities is provided. HT (Croatian  Telecommunications) have concluded roaming agreements with 64 GSM operators from 36 countries in the world, having provided the GSM users with today most modern way of communications.

Also, VIPNET (091 -GSM) has concluded roaming agreements with 46 GSM operators from 30 countries in the world, having provided the GSM users with today most modern way of communications.

 

 

Emergency telephones:

 

Police 92
Fire-brigade 93
Ambulance 94
Road assistance 987
General information 981

 

 

Electricity:

 

Electrical current is 220 volts AC, 50 Hz. Most plugs have two round pins. Visitors from abroad who wish to operate personal small electronic items, should bring a plug adapter and a transformer.

 

 

TV and Radio:

 

In Croatia there are 3 national TV networks, and lots of local networks. The broadcast is in Croatian language. Every morning on HTV 3 there is a live picture from panoramic cameras located in almost all tourist centers (Opatija, Sukošan, Šibenik, Split, Hvar, Dubrovnik, Bjelolasica). In almost all hotels and lots of private pensions there is Satellite TV. TV broadcast standard is in European PAL system.

During the tourist season national and local radio stations have news on foreign languages almost every hour.

 

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